This article was originally published by Radio Free Asia and is reprinted with permission.
U.N. officials and other world leaders have called on Beijing to respect the rights of Chinese citizens to protest, a day after dozens of cities broke out in mass demonstrations against COVID-related lockdowns spurred by a deadly fire in Xinjiang province.
Jeremy Laurence, a spokesman for the U.N. human rights office, told reporters on Monday that China should respond to the protests “in line with international human rights laws and standards.”
“No one should be arbitrarily detained for peacefully expressing their opinions,” Laurence said. “Allowing broad debate across society – especially with young people – can help shape public policies, ensure they are better understood and are ultimately more effective.”
Laurence said that China should also provide some transparency into what happened at Urumqi in order to calm the protests.
“Following the regrettable deaths and injuries during a fire at an apartment building in China’s Xinjiang province, much of which has been under a tight Covid lockdown since August, we stress the need for transparency in responding to public concerns,” Laurence said.
Amid the protesters’ demands to ease China’s zero-COVID policies, he also called for all pandemic restrictions to be “proportionate” to the threats and “non-discriminatory in their application.”
“Any restrictive measures need to be limited in duration, and there should be safeguards and mechanisms through which people can channel their concerns and seek redress,” Laurence said.
The appeal from the United Nations came as leaders around the world called for Beijing to respect the rights of the protesters.
John Kirby, spokesman for the Biden administration’s National Security Council, said at a press conference that the White House supported the Chinese people’s rights to assemble in public.
“Our message to peaceful protesters around the world is the same and consistent: People should be allowed the right to assemble and to peacefully protest policies or laws or dictates that they take issue with,” Kirby said, declining to comment on the protester’s demands, which have included calls for Chinese President Xi Jinping to resign.
“These protesters are speaking for themselves. What we are doing is making it clear that we support the right of peaceful protest.”
The National Security Council separately released a statement noting the White House’s views that it would be “very difficult” to contain the pandemic using China’s zero-COVID policies. The U.S. embassy in Beijing also called on American citizens in China to maintain a 14-day supply of medicine, water and food in case further lockdowns “and possible family separation” occur.
Australian Foreign Minister Penny Wong said her country sent its “deepest condolences” to those who lost friends and family in the Urumqi fire, and called on China to respect the right to protest.
“Australia strongly supports the right to freedom of expression and peaceful protest without fear of retaliation,” Wong told ABC Australia. “We urge Chinese authorities to engage constructively with protesters and address the concerns they have raised.”
British Foreign Secretary James Cleverly said Beijing should “take notice” of the protests, given how uncommon they are in China.
“Protests against the Chinese government are rare and when they do happen I think the world should take notice, but I think the Chinese government should take notice,” Cleverly said.
“It’s clear that the Chinese people themselves are deeply unhappy with what is going on, about the restrictions imposed upon them by the Chinese government,” he said. “These are the voices of Chinese people talking to their government and I think it’s right that the Chinese government listens to what those people are saying.”
The co-leader of Germany’s Green Party, a part of the governing coalition that provides the foreign affairs minister, called the protests “impressive” and said they showed something was wrong.
“It is impressive and unusual to see that these protests are occurring and that there are these slogans,” Omid Nourpour said, referring to chants directed against Xi. “Images [of the protests] testify to the bravery and despair of many people.”
Turkey’s government also released a statement saying it was “deeply saddened” about the deaths in the Urumqi fire. “We extend our condolences and wish speedy recovery to the injured. We expect the reasons of the fire to be made public,” it said.
By contrast, Chinese media has largely ignored the widespread protests against Beijing’s zero-COVID policies, instead focussing on Taiwan’s weekend elections and a Chinese satellite launch.
The few allusions to the protests in the official press have offered no hints of any coming appeasement from Beijing: The People’s Daily, a mouthpiece for the Communist Party, ran an editorial appealing for continued “unswerving adherence” to the zero-COVID policies.