Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kadhimi has described Turkish attacks on Iraqi soil as “unacceptable” and urged the U.S. to resolve the dispute in a meeting with U.S. President Donald Trump.
Ankara and Baghdad have been negotiating since mid-June to solve the dispute over Turkish offensives in Kurdistan and other disputed territories. However, alienating Turkey could pose an economic threat to Iraq as Ankara is a key trading partner.
The Iraqi constitution bans the use of its territory to attack neighboring countries.
“The only potential U.S. card to play is the personal relationship between Trump and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan. He could ask Ankara to temporarily halt its cross-border activities,” Joe Macaron, a Middle East foreign policy analyst at the Arab Center, told Arab News.
Macaron doubts that the U.S. will impose sanctions or threaten Erdogan to achieve this objective.
On Aug. 11 a Turkish drone strike in northeastern Iraq killed two Iraqi border guards and the driver of their vehicle. The Iraqi military called it “flagrant aggression”.
The drone attack coincided with alleged meetings of Iraqi high-ranking officials with members of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), who are based in northern Iraq.
Baghdad canceled a Turkish ministerial visit and summoned the Turkish ambassador in response to the strike.
The Kurdistan Regional Government Ministry of Interior also urged Turkey and the PKK to continue fighting outside Iraq.
Macaron said there is an informal meeting between Turkey, Iran and the Kurdistan Regional Government against the PKK in northern Iraq. He added that there is little the U.S. can do on an issue that is viewed as low-priority.
Ankara and Baghdad have been negotiating since mid-June to solve the dispute over Turkish offensives in Kurdistan and other disputed territories.
“Turkey has military bases inside the Iraqi border and there are several pending challenges between Ankara and Baghdad, including the water quota in the Tigris and Euphrates rivers,” he said.
During the 1990s Turkey launched several military incursions into northern Iraq and established a dozen military bases in the region.
Macaron says the success of any mediation will require Arab pressure on the U.S. to become involved.
Iraqi Foreign Minister Fuad Hussein also urged his Egyptian, Jordanian, Saudi and Kuwaiti counterparts, as well as the Arab League, for diplomatic backing to confront Ankara and force it to “pull out its troops who have infiltrated Iraq.”
France also criticized Turkey’s strikes in the region and emphasized Iraqi sovereignty in a statement.
However, Ankara has accused Iraq of “turning a blind eye to the presence of PKK terrorists on its soil.”
Aaron Stein, director of Research at the Foreign Policy Research Institute, said the U.S. supports Turkey’s right to strike against PKK in northern Iraq and has a mechanism to deconflict the two countries’ operations.
“That deconfliction doesn’t always work well, but I don’t see U.S. policy changing. Turkish strikes are making U.S. partner operations in the north more difficult, but I don’t see how policy will change because of that fact,” he told Arab News.
©2020 the Arab News (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia)
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