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US, Australian professors, Taliban militants ‘released’ in prisoner swap

Afghan President Ashraf Ghani at the 2014 London Conference on Afghanistan, co-hosted by the governments of the UK and Afghanistan. (DFID - UK Department for International Development/Released)

This article was originally published by Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty and is reprinted with permission.

Two Western hostages have reportedly been released from Taliban custody in exchange for three high-ranking Taliban prisoners.

The release took place on November 19 in the southern Nawbahar district of Zabul Province, a region that is largely under Taliban control, according to Taliban sources and Afghan officials.

The two professors at the American University of Kabul were “flown out of Zabul by American helicopters,” AFP quoted an unidentified police official as saying more than three years after they were captured by the Taliban.

The reports come hours after Taliban sources said three Taliban prisoners were freed by the Afghan government and flown to Qatar as part of an exchange deal.

The arrangement is seen by the Afghan government as a key move in securing direct talks with the Taliban, which has so far refused to engage with what it calls a “puppet” regime in Kabul.

The two university professors — U.S. national Keven King, 60, and Australian Timothy Weeks, 48 — were kidnapped by the Taliban in August 2016.

Taliban sources said they were swapped for Anas Haqqani — the younger brother of Sirajuddin Haqqani, the leader of the Haqqani network — and two other prominent militants: Hafiz Rashid Omari and Haji Milli Khan.

The Haqqani network is known for carrying out brutal attacks in Afghanistan and is part of the Taliban group.

Upon landing in Doha on November 19, the three Taliban commanders were handed over to the Taliban political office in the Qatari capital, Reuters reported.

The three Taliban commanders will remain under “house arrest” in Doha, according to Tolo News.

A week ago, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani announced the “conditional release” of the three Taliban figures but the exchange of the two professors stalled, with Kabul blaming the militant group for the delay.

On November 18, U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo spoke with Ghani to “review the steps necessary to implement President Ghani’s decision to release three high-level Taliban detainees,” the State Department said.

“Pompeo reiterated U.S. support for Ghani’s decision and committed to work closely together to address violence if the president’s decision does not produce the intended results,” according to the statement.

The United States has been holding a series of negotiations with Taliban representatives in Qatar over recent years in an attempt to end the 18-year war.

Anas Haqqani and Omari were arrested in the eastern Khost Province in 2014. Haji Milli Khan is the uncle of Anas Haqqani and was reportedly arrested in eastern Paktika Province in 2011.

The United States, after allying with Jalaluddin Haqqani, the father of Sirajuddin and Anas, to fight the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in the 1980s, by 2012 had designated his organization a terrorist group. The group has been fighting NATO and Afghan government forces since 2001.

Hafiz Rashid Omari is the brother of Muhammad Nabi Omari, the former Guantanamo inmate who is currently a key member of the Taliban political office in Qatar.