This day in computing history, the US Navy recalled Captain Grace Hopper to lead the effort to produce an easy-to-read, business-oriented computer language.
Hopper made many major contributions to computer science throughout her very long career, including what is likely the first compiler ever written, “A-0.” She appears to have also been the first to coin the word “bug” in the context of computer science, taping into her logbook a moth which had fallen into a relay of the Harvard Mark II computer. She died on January 1, 1992.
Saying the Navy recalled Hopper leads to questions: “Why her?” and “What had she done before?” This video, about a book by Kurt Beyer, explains who this incredible woman was:
Hopper and her team used a computer to determine how best to implode a sphere. That information was used in the first atomic bombs.